Spring 2017

All talks are from 3:30 to 5:00 p.m. in room 32-155. For further information, please contact Erin or Nick. This schedule is subject to change; please check back for changes.

February 24, 2017
  • Colloquium: Rachel Walker (USC)

    February 24, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

    Temporal Structure in Phonology

    In phonological structure, the segment root node is classically the locus of temporal organization for sub-segmental units, such as features, governing their sequencing and overlap (e.g. Clements 1985, Sagey 1986). Segment root nodes also classically mediate hierarchically between moras and sub-segmental elements, and by structurally identifying segments, roots figure in the calculation of weight-by-position, where coda consonants are assigned a mora (Hayes 1989). In this talk, I discuss evidence from phonotactic patterns that motivate an enriched representation of temporal relations, where coordination is represented directly among sub-segmental elements. Weight-by-position is also calculated over this sub-segmental…

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March 3, 2017
  • Colloquium: Vera Gribanova (Stanford)

    March 3, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

    Title: Head movement, ellipsis, and identity

    In this talk I examine paradigms of crosslinguistic variation concerning the the verbal identity condition in verb-stranding ellipsis, building on a recent proposal about the mechanisms that yield head movement configurations (Harizanov and Gribanova, 2017).

    When phrasal material is extracted from ellipsis sites (e.g. in sluicing), violations of lexical identity of the extracted material are permitted under focus of that material (Schuyler, 2001; Merchant, 2001). This is usually attributed to the licensing condition on ellipsis (Rooth 1992, Heim 1997, Merchant 2001), which takes distinct variables inside the ellipsis domain and its antecedent to be…

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March 24, 2017
  • Cleo Condoravdi (Stanford): Third Annual Joint Ling/Phil Colloquium

    March 24, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm

    Title: Conditional imperatives

    I present an analysis of imperatives as preferential commitments and show how preferential commitments get conditionalized in conditional imperatives, including imperatives in anankastic conditionals. The analysis allows for uses of modals and imperatives to be equivalent in their communicative effect, despite their different underlying semantics. It also accounts for a new observation about a crucial difference between modals and imperatives: while modals can be used to give advice on why a certain goal should be rescinded given the facts of the matter, imperatives cannot.

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April 7, 2017
  • Colloquium: Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero (University of Manchester)

    April 7, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

    The phonological lexicon, usage factors, and rates of change: Evidence from Manchester English

    Abstract:
    This paper reports the results of research conducted jointly with George Bailey (University of Manchester), Maciej Baranowski (University of Manchester), and Danielle Turton (University of Newcastle upon Tyne).

    In classical modular feedforward architectures of grammar, phonetic implementation does not have access to information about lexical items beyond the discrete properties encoded in phonological representations. This hypothesis accounts for fundamental facts of human language such as double articulation and the existence of neogrammarian change, but it fails to explain the fact…

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April 21, 2017
  • Colloquium: Gaja Jarosz (UMass Amherst)

    April 21, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    32-155

    Title: Sonority Sequencing in Polish: Interaction of Prior Bias and Experience

    Recent work on phonological learning has questioned the traditional view that innate principles guide and constrain language development in children and explain universal properties cross-linguistically. In this talk I focus on a particular universal, the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP), which governs preferences among sequences of consonants syllable-initially. Experimental evidence indicates that English, Mandarin, and Korean speakers exhibit sensitivity to the SSP even for consonant sequences that never occur syllable-initially in those languages (such as [nb] vs. [bn] in English). There is disagreement regarding the implications of…

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April 28, 2017
  • Colloquium: Jonathan Bobaljik (University of Connecticut)

    April 28, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

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May 5, 2017
  • Colloquium: Jon Gajewski (University of Connecticut)

    May 5, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

    Title: It's not syntax, I don't think: neg-raising and parentheticals.

    English allows a construction in which a sentence contains a parenthetical with a clausal gap, as in (i). I will refer to phrases such as I think in (i) as clausal parentheticals. Typically, clausal parentheticals cannot be negative, cf. (ii).

    (i) There is beer in the fridge, I think.
    (ii) *There is beer in the fridge, I don't think.

    It has been noted that when the clausal parenthetical contains a neg-raising predicate, an apparent doubling of a negation in the main clause…

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May 12, 2017
  • Colloquium: Rajesh Bhatt (UMass Amherst)

    May 12, 2017 @ 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
    location: 32-155

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